Monday, June 24, 2013

Kallumakkaya Biriyani/Mussels Biriyani ~ Another Malabar Delicacy

To Marinate:-
  1. Kallumakkaya/Mussels Big - 2lbs(before shells removed)
  2. Turmeric powder - ½tsp
  3. Chilly powder - 1 tsp
  4. Salt - ¾ tsp(adjuslt to taste)
  5. Fennel seeds crushed/coarse ground in a mortar - ¼ tsp
For Stir Fry:-
  1. Onion very thinly sliced - 3 Cup(4 Med Size)
  2. Ginger and Garlic chopped fine/Crushed together in a mortar - 1 tbsp each
  3. Green Chilly Chopped fine - 8
  4. Tomato sliced fine - 1½ to 2Cup (2 Med)
  5. Salt - ½ tsp(to taste)
  6. Turmeric powder -  ½ tsp
  7. Garam Masala - 1½
  8. Curry leaves two sprigs or more
  9. Coriander Leaves chopped - 2 tbsp + to garnish
To Garnish(optional- I didn't do it this time):-
  1. Cashews a handful
  2. Raisins a handful
  3. Deep fried Onion - 1(~ ½ cup)
  4. Chopped coriander leaves ~ 2tbsp
Preparation Method:-
  • Wash the mussels two-three times to remove all the dirt stick on the shell. Place them in a wide vessel/Pot with water to cover the mussels and bring to boil with lid on.
  • You will see the shell open and mussel leave the shell from one side and form shape instead of sticking on both sides of the shell.
  • Take off the stove and drain off water. Let it cool 
    Mussels cleaning Process in Pics
  • Separate the flesh from the shell and discard the shell. Remove the black color dirt inside the mussel meat. Remove byssus(a strong group of filament like hair) inside the mussels as well.
  • Pour water in a bowl and put mussel meat in it. Rinse gently to remove any sand/dirt in the meat once or twice.
  • Marinate with Salt, turmeric, chilly powder and crushed fennel seeds. Set aside for 30 minutes.
  • Heat a tsp oil in a pan, place the mussels and shallow fry on both sides till they are light brown. Move them to a bowl and set aside.
  • Pour oil in the same pan, add curry leaves, minced ginger and garlic and saute till raw smell goes away for a minute or two.
  • Add Green chilies, sliced onions, salt  and saute very well in medium heat till they turn translucent. 
  • Add tomatoes and saute till they start releasing water content. Break the tomatoes as you saute and let everything blend together well.
  • Add turmeric powder, coriander leaves and saute well to mix. Add the shallow fried Mussles/Kallumakkaya and saute well to combine. 
  • Cover and let it cook for three-five minutes stirring occasionally.
  • Add garam masala and more curry leaves, saute well, cover and let cook for another two-three minutes. Check for salt and adjust. Switch off the stove and set aside till you prepare rice. 
For Ghee Rice:-
  1. Jeera Rice/Basmathi Rice - 3 Cups
  2. Water - 5 ½ Cups 
  3. Cinnamon Stick - 2 inch size broken into halves
  4. Green Cardamom Pods - 4
  5. Cloves  - 6
  6. Bay leaves 2(optional)
  7. Whole Pepper corns ~ 7 nos(optional, I like to add them though normal recipes do not call for it)
  8. Curry leaves a sprig
  9. Ghee ~ 1 tbsp
  10. Freshly squeezed Lime Juice ~ 1tbsp(optional)
  11. Salt to taste ~ 2 tsp(check and adjust accordingly)
  12. Garam Masala - ½ tsp
Making Ghee Rice:-
  • Wash rice three to four times in water till you get a clear water, drain the rice fully and set aside. 
  • Heat up a wide vessel, add ghee, saute the cashews till light brown and set aside. Add the raisins and saute till they pop up, take out and set aside. 
  • Now add cinnamon sticks, cardamom pods, cloves, pepper corns and saute well till you start getting a nice aroma of spices. 
  • Pour water to it, add salt, squeezed lime juice, few curry leaves and bring to boil. Add rice, stir gently with a spatula till the bottom of the pan just to remove any sticky rice from the bottom. Simmer the heat to medium, cover with an air-tight lid and let it cook until almost done.  
  • Open the lid once the water is absorbed(rice should not be fully cooked, but will continue to cook during the dum process) and take off the stove.
  • Let it cool for couple of minutes, say around 10-15 minutes, if you try to flip or toss the rice when it is very hot it will tend to break and stick. 
  • Stir gently with a spatula when the high steam subsides, move to two-three platters so that they don't form lumps and don't stick together. This way you will get a very nice non-lumpy, non-sticky rice. Proceed for the final stage of layering and dumming :-)

 Dumming the Biriyani in low heat:
    • Heat up a thick bottom pan, add 2 tsp oil(or ghee), simmer the heat to medium. 
    • Spread some rice on the bottom of the vessel, top it with mussels masala gravy, topped with fried cashews, raisins, fried onions, coriander leaves and sprinkle a pinch of garam masala powder
    • Repeat the process with remaining rice, masala, fried cashews, raisins, onions and garama masala.
    • Cover it with an air tight lid or place a kitchen towel flatten on top of the vessel and cover to seal tight with the lid. Cook in low heat until you see steam releasing from the sides of the vessel. 
    • Move to a serving plate, garnish with  more raisins, cashews and fried onion. Serve warm with pappads, pickles and chutney.
    1. You can dum biriyani in the conventional oven the same way by layering rice and masala. Use a microwaveable tray and cover it airtight using the proper airtight lid or the heavy duty silver foil sheet.
    2. If you look at the recipe, I've used very less chilly powder instead have added lot of green chilies where the spice comes in. If you want them more spicy you can add chilly powder or increase the amount of green chilies as this recipes is a medium spicy one.


    1. tempting biryani n delicious so :-)

    2. god !! soo tempting things..and there i am desperately trying to start dieting from today. :( and hey ! feel free to drop by my space too when you get the time. just posted on some handy parenting tips to "sane motherhood" on my "pick quicks" blog. Hope you will be a follower there as well. lets stay connected, beyond the kitchen.

    3. Mussels briyani, who can resist to it, inviting and droolworthy food.

    4. Wow, that looks amazing. bet it tasted great as well :-) I've never eaten Mussels biriyani , what a super idea!


    5. Ur step by step pics for cleaning it will be really helpful for newbies.l had a tough time learning how to clean it when I started making it..I love anything and everything with kalumakkai...I am typical Kannur Kari when it comes to fish and sea food :)

    6. looks lovely & delicious...mouthwatering!

    7. Yum! Thanks for showing us how to clean them. I'm not that adventurous!

    8. Ethuvere try chetitilla,new to me,drool worthy..will try this for sure.


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